(1) Shortsea shipping

Shortsea shipping can be divided in :

  • Liner shipping
  • Tramp shipping

Another way of looking is according
to type of cargo :

  • Dry or wet bulk
  • Conventional
  • Neo-bulk
  • Project cargo
  • Ro-Ro
  • Containers

(2) Cargo in containers

(3) Europe

Shortsea transport in Europe includes all destinations which are bordering European Union.


(4) Domestic and international
maritime transport

Shortsea shipping in Europe consists mainly of transport between European countries.
However the larger European countries have (international) services that also carry cargo between 2 or more ports in that country.
Examples are Norway, United Kingdom, Italy.

(5) Feeder Services

Feeder containers : vessels schedule follows the deepsea carrier

Feeder traffic :

  • Quay-quay operation
  • Customer is deepsea carrier
  • Schedule follows deepsea carrier
  • Vessel calls deepsea terminal
  • Limited customer base
  • Easy market entry
  • Intercontinental cargo
  • Character :
    shipping activity, optimise use of vessel

Intra European containers : schedule according to market demand.
Intra European traffic

  • Intermodal door to door transport
  • Customers; shippers and forwarders
  • Schedule according to market demand
  • Special shortsea terminals or smaller ports
  • Extensive customer base
  • Intra european cargo
  • Difficult market entry

(6) Rivers and Lakes

Sea-river shipping is one of the forms of shortsea transport. Its concept is simple; one vessel, sailing coastal and inland waters alike. Sea-river vessels share specific characteristics such as draught, height and length, relating to the navigating possibilities offered by rivers and canals. Usually sea-river vessels do not exceed 3,000 dwt with draughts limited to 5 and bridge clearance to 9 m. Although at present these vessels are mainly employed to convey conventional and bulk loads, container transport is on the increase as well.