Once again in 2006,  the European Commission published the report „Statistics in focus", which gives extensive statistical information on shortsea transhipments within the EU-25 for 2000-2005.

ANNEX II - Statistical Overview

The Council Directive on Maritime Statistics (1)  came into full effect only in 2000 (with incomplete data for 1997-1999). It will gradually become the main source of data when it will be able to provide sufficient data series to analyse trends. For the time being, the Commission has used data provided by Eurostat and 75 member ports(2)  of the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO). The Commission is grateful to these ports and to ESPO for co-ordinating this exercise.  A similar approach was used in the 1999 Communication on Short Sea Shipping and the 2003 Programme for the Promotion of Short Sea Shipping, and it has clearly shown its merits(3).

Figure 1 : Tonne-kilometre growth 1995-2005 in per cent of Road, Rail, Inland Waterways, Pipelines and Shortsea shipping (4).

Notes :

  1. Council Directive 95/64/EC of 8 December 1995 on statistical returns in respect of carriage of goods and passengers by sea, OJ L 320, 30.12.1995, p. 25, as implemented by Commission Decisions 98/385/EC of 13 May 1998, OJ L 174, 18.6.1998, p. 1, 2000/363/EC of 28 April 2000, OJ L 132, 5.6.2000, p.1, and 2001/423/EC of 22 May 2001, OJ L 151, 7.6.2001, p. 41.
  2. Algeciras, Alicante, Almeria-Motril, Ancona, Antwerp, Augusta, Aviles, Baleares, Barcelona, Bari, Bilbao, Bremen, Brugge/Zeebrugge, Brunsbüttel, Cadiz, Cagliari, Cartagena, Castellón, Ceuta, Coruña, Dunkirk, Ferrol, Genoa, Ghent, Gijón, Hamburg, Hamina, Helsinki, Huelva, Joensuu, Kalajoki, Kaskinen, Kemi, Kiel, Kokkola, Kotka, Kristiiankaupunki, La Spezia, Lappeenranta, Las Palmas, Loviisa, Luebeck, Málaga, Marín, Ports of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Melilla, Messina, Mustola, Naantali, Oslo, Ostende, Oulu, Palermo, Pasajes, Pietarsaari, Piombino, Piraeus, Pori, Puttgarden, Raahe, Ravenna, Rostock, Rotterdam, Santander, Sassnitz, Sevilla, Taranto, Tarragona, Tenerife, Trapani, Trieste, Valencia, Varkaus, Vigo and Villagarcia.
  3. In order to rectify the gap between tonne data normally used to characterise cargo volumes in maritime transport and tonne-kilometre data used in other modes, the Commission has been working on a tool that would allow coherent comparisons between modes by converting the tonne-based maritime data into tonne-kilometres. A first tool is already in use in Eurostat and further refinements are under way in co-operation with the Thematic Network for Short Sea Shipping (REALISE, 5th Framework Programme RTD, cf. www.realise-sss.org).
  4. Road, Rail, Pipeline and Inland Waterway data as well as part of Short Sea Shipping data (1995-2005) was retrieved from EU Energy and Transport in Figures: Statistical Pocketbook 2006. Data for 2000-2005.

Source :

  • Brussels, 13.7.2006 - SEC(2006) 922 - SEC(2006) 923 - COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT
  • Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on "Mid-Term Review of the Programme for the Promotion of Short Sea Shipping" {COM(2006) 380 final}